**Pacing**

Pacing is often more accurate than timing but it does require concentration. An average stride takes about 60 double paces per hundred metres (a double pace is also known as a Roman Pace – hence the word “mile” which originated from a thousand Roman paces). You can find out your own individual pacing figure by measuring out 100 metres and then seeing how many double paces you take to cover the distance or you can do it on the hill between known points on relatively flat terrain. Going up or down hill or walking on rough ground or in deep snow can alter the number of paces you take. You can estimate how many extra paces you need to take to complete 100 metres at the end of every 60 double paces. It is best to measure the distance in hundreds of metres rather than by working out the total number of paces needed for a particular navigational leg i.e. if the target is 450 metres away and your personal pacing figure is 62, then count 62 paces for four times (which gives you 400 metres) and then add the final 31 paces. It is useful to have a way of remembering how many hundreds of metres you have paced - it’s easy to forget especially if someone asks you a question halfway through the leg. Silva make a counter which fits on the side of your compass or you can use cord grips as counters on the compass lanyard.

Don’t always expect your timing and pacing calculations to take you right to the spot you are heading for - look at the ground around you and compare it with the contours on the map. Can you find anything that doesn’t fit in? If so, be tenacious about finding out why it doesn’t fit. Look for other features which do make sense.