Quality Mountain Days
                                                                 & Advanced workshops

What are Bearings

Bearings measure Direction or Angle of Movement

3 important features of bearings are:
  1. They must be measured from North
  2. They must be measured Clockwise
  3. They must contain 3 Digits

Taking an Accurate Bearing

A small error when using a compass can result in a significant error in measurement on the ground.
To obtain accurate readings when using a compass:

• Hold the compass level and steady so the needle swings freely.

• Hold the compass about waist high in front of the body, except when using a compass with a sighting mirror
      or a sighting type compass.

• Raise and lower eyes when taking a bearing, do not move your head. if using one eye, or one eye is dominant 
      always use the same eye when taking bearings.

• Directly face object that is being measured.
• Magnetic fields will give incorrect compass readings. Avoid taking readings near magnetic fields such as
      steel, iron (ferrous metals), vehicles, rebar, and clipboards. Even belt buckles, glasses, and rings can
      interfere with the compass reading.

• Take bearing twice.

• Adjust for magnetic declination as appropriate.

• Follow the direction of travel arrow, not the compass needle, when walking a bearing.

• Always follow the line indicated by the compass rather than relying on judgment as to the direction.

• Use back bearings to ensure you are on track when navigating.

Important: Participation Statement

Climbing, hillwalking and mountaineering are activities with a danger of personal injury or death.
Participants in these activities should be aware of and accept these risks and be responsible for their own actions and involvement.

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