Quality Mountain Days
 
                                                                 & Advanced workshops


The Compass

 

The picture below shows a compass, explaining its various features.

 

The base plate
The mounting of the compass, with a ruler for measuring scale.

 

 

  The compass housing
Contains the magnetic needle and has the points of the compass printed
on a circular, rotating bezel.

 

 

  The compass needle
Floats on liquid so it can rotate freely, the red end should always point to magnetic north.

 

 

  Orienting lines
Fixed within the compass housing and designed to be aligned with the
eastings on a map. On some compasses half the lines are coloured red to
indicate north.
  Orienting arrow
Fixed within the compass housing, aligned to north on the housing.
  The index line
Fixed within the outer edge of the compass housing as an extension of
the direction of travel arrow. It marks the bearing you set by rotating the
compass housing.
  The direction of travel arrow
Shows the direction that you want to travel along or the bearing you are
taking. It is fixed parallel to the sides of the base plate.
  Compass scale
Displayed along the edge of the base plate so you can measure distances
on maps.





Important: Participation Statement

Climbing, hillwalking and mountaineering are activities with a danger of personal injury or death.
Participants in these activities should be aware of and accept these risks and be responsible for their own actions and involvement.


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